History: The Unani medicine system is one of the ancient medication system adopted by the South-Asia and Middle-East countries of the world. This system has originated from the Greek by the great physician “Hippocrates”. It is also known as the “Hikmat” or Unani Tibb Medicine. It has the 6000 years back history.
This system refers to the Roman medication system developed by the Roman physician “Galen”. In the middle age era and by the development of this system, the Arabic and Persian physician have been adopted and flagged this system.
About: The Bachelor in Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) is also known as Kamil-e-Tib-o-Jarahat. This program is yet another option for those electing to get an undergraduate degree in alternative medicine. BUMS like all alternative medical undergraduate programs that fall into the AYUSH category - Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy - is monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine. Unani focuses on four different treatment therapies in its field: massage, diuresis, Turkish bath, pharmaco-therapy, diet therapy, purging, regimental therapy venasection, exercise; use of herbal, animal and mineral drugs, and surgery.
Unani is the fourth most popular medication system in India after the allopathic, ayurvedic and homeopathic system. According to this system there are four elements in human body as the Blood (dam), Phlegm (balgham), yellow bile (safra) and the black bile (sauda).
BUMS education and training in India is being regulated by Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which is a statutory body under the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Sidhha and Homeopathy (AYUSH).
Unani system has been showing outstanding results in curing diseases like:
The Ministry of AYUSH released an official notification on June 26, 2018, stating that the admission to B.U.M.S. courses shall be compulsorily done on the basis of scores obtained in NEET. The state counseling authorities will release the application forms for the interested candidates for admission to degree course by a stipulated date.
However, the Patna High Court on October 10, 2018, in its order had rejected the order of Ministry of AYUSH which regulated all the states to take BUMS admissions on the basis of NEET scores. The single bench comprising Justice Chakradhari Sharan Singh, stated that aspirants who did not took NEET UG exam can also apply for BUMS admission offered by Government Tibbi College, Patna.
Contradicting the order of Patna High Court by releasing an open letter on November 1, 2018, the Ministry of AYUSH with the approval of Government of India, directed all the State/Union Territories (UTs) governments to admit the eligible students to BUMS undergraduate courses through the merit list of NEET.
Since, NEET is being considered as the sole entrance examination for admission to Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery, the interested aspirants must essentially fulfill the eligibility criteria of NEET 2020 as specified by the National Testing Agency. Here are some basic eligibility conditions which candidates should meet for admission to BUMS programmes.
|Degree Course||5 and half years, Comprising|
|Compulsory Rotatory Internship||12months|
|S. No.||Professional year||Name of course|
|1.||Professional - I||Arabic and Mantiq wa Falsafa (Logic Philosophy and Astronomy)|
|Kulliyat Umoore Tabiya (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine)|
|Tashreehul Badan (Anatomy)|
|Munafeul Aaza (Physiology)|
|2.||Professional - II||Tareekh-e-tib (History of Medicine)|
|Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib (Preventive and Community Medicine)|
|Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology)|
|3.||Professional - III||Communication skills|
|Ilmul Saidla wa Murakkabat (Unani Pharmacy)|
|Tibbe Qanooni wa Ilmul Samoom (Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology)|
|Sareeriyat wa Usoole Ilaj (Bed side clinic and principles of management)|
|Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regional Therapy)|
|4.||Final Professional||Moalajat - I (General Medicine)|
|Moalajat - II|
|Amraze Niswan (Gynaecology)|
|Ilmul Qabalat wa Naumalood (Obstetrics and Neonatology)|
|Ilmul Jarahat (Surgery)|
|Ain, Uzn, Anaf, Halaq wa Asnan (Ophthalmology and Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat)|
|5.||1 year compulsory rotatory Internship|
All, the government, deemed and private colleges offering BUMS courses will use the scores of NEET UG exam. All the seats in BUMS participating colleges will be allotted by the respective state counseling authorities. As per the official information from CCIM, a total of 41 colleges have been permitted to grant admissions to BUMS courses, offering as many as 1706 seats across the colleges in India. Here is the list of colleges granting admission to BUMS courses across the country.
|Name of the College||Seat matrix|
|Govt. Nizamia Tibbia College, Hyd. (AP)||60|
|Abdul Haque Unani Medical College, Kurnool (A.P)||50|
|Govt. Tibbia College, Patna (Bihar)||40|
|Salfia Unani Medical College, (Darbhanga) Bihar||50|
|Nizamia Unani Medical College, Gaya (Bihar)||40|
|A&U Tibbia College, Karol Bagh (New Delhi)||40|
|Faculty of Medicine (U) Jamia Hamdard, (New Delhi)||50|
|Institute of Asian Medicine Sciences, (Srinagar) J&K||40|
|Kashmir Tibbia College & Hospital, (Srinagar) J&K||40|
|Govt. Unani Medical College, Bangalore (Karnataka)||50|
|Luqman Unani Medical College, Bijapur||40|
|Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College, Gulbarga||40|
|HMS Unani Medical College & Hospital, Tumkur||40|
|Saifia Hamidia Unani Tibbia College, Burhanpur (M.P.)||50|
|Al-Farooque Unani Medical College, (Indore)||50|
|HSZH Govt. Unani Medical College, (Bhopal)||40|
|Hakim Abdul Hamid Unani Medical College, (Dewas)||40|
|MIJ Tibbia Unani Medical College, Mumbai||50|
|Mohammadia Tibbia College & Hospital, Malegaon||60|
|ZVM Unani Medical College, (Pune) MS||60|
|Ahmed Gharib Unani Medical College, (Akkalkuwa)||50|
|Iqra Society’s Unani Medical College, Jalgaon, MS||50|
|Rajputana Unani Medical College, Jaipur||50|
|Rajasthan Unani Medical College, Jaipur (Rajasthan)||40|
|Govt. Unani Medical College, (Chennai) Tamil Nadu||26|
|State Takmil-ul-Tibb. College, Lucknow (UP)||40|
|State Unani Medical College, Himmatganj, Allahabad||40|
|Jamia Tibbia Deoband Unani Medical College, (Saharanpur)||60|
|Ibne-Sina Tibbia College & Hospital, Azamgarh||50|
|Deoband Unani Medical College, (Saharanpur) UP||40|
|Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College, (Muzaffarnagar) UP||40|
|Aligarh Unani Medical College, ACN Hospital Aligarh||40|
|Shame-Ghausia Unani Medical College, Ghazipur||40|
|Eram Unani Medical College, (Lucknow) UP||60|
|Ajmal Khan Tibbia College, Aligarh (UP)||60|
|Calcutta Unani Medical College, KOLKATA (W.B.)||40|
|Hakim Rais Unani Medical College, Sambhal, Moradabad (UP)||50|
|Total BUMS seats||1706|
The career opportunity after the completion of BUMS is not only in India but also in abroad. Many organizations and research institutions are working in the manufacturing and research field in abroad are requiring the professional in this field.
The candidate having the BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) degree is eligible to be called as a Hakeem (Doctor) and eligible to do the private practice. A Unani practitioner may look the career as a medical representative or as a doctor in private or government hospital.
The professionals in this field can work in companies those deal with the Unani preparations. He/she may get the job in Unani colleges as a professor or the researcher. A large number of people are not satisfied with the allopathic treatment. This gives the birth to the alternative treatment.We hope now you have a clearer picture about the BUMS course. However, if you still feel confused and can’t figure out about the right course fit for you, then feel free to speak to career experts.
Nature cures its creation.#Unani_Proverb