Veterinary Science is a branch of science that concerns with diagnosis, treatment and curing of diseases in birds and animals. The subject involves the study of animal physiology and various treatment and prevention schemes undertaken to block diseases among animals. The basic principles of veterinary science and animal husbandry are similar as human medical sciences. The difference is in the variation of jobs; a veterinary doctor has many responsibilities than that of a general physician or a human surgeon. Students while studying B.V.Sc. Veterinary Science and A. H. not only take care of animal health but also facilitate scientific breeding and handling of livestock.
Vets give treatment to the animals for their healthy living. Major part of their work also involves performing surgery in cases where internal parts of animals and birds are injured. This could be due to diseases or victim of hunt. Vets prevent further spreading of diseases in the animal’s body by administering necessary vaccination and medicines. They give advice to pet owners on how to take good care and provide good nourishment to their pets and farm animals.
Another section of this course is to improve animal breed by using techniques like 'selection breeding' and artificial insemination. The course study thoroughly does animal research in order to combat and fight diseases transmitted through animals. In this way, the general public is saved from exposure to diseases mobilized by animals, wildlife, poultry and livestock. The role of a veterinary doctor is important as he works to conserve the bounty of livestock and domestic animal wealth.
BVSc or Bachelor of Veterinary Science is an undergraduate degree that comes under medical discipline. The course duration is 5½ years with last 6 months being compulsory internship tenure. BVSc is also called BVSc and AH which is elaborated as Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Bachelor of Veterinary Science deals with the study of medical diagnostics, and treatment of diseases of all the animals. Veterinary doctors are very important considering the number of animals that humans pet. Veterinary doctors treat all kinds of pet animals such as dogs, cats, cows, buffalos, as well as wild animals, birds and reptiles.
BVSc course is divided into 10 semesters equally excluding the compulsory internship time. BVSc and AH course graduates have a high probability of getting government jobs. They can also start their own veterinary clinics or work in research centres to develop new medicines.
A bachelor of Veterinary Science can get employment in various government animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, dairy farms, Wildlife sanctuaries and zoological parks, private and government veterinary hospitals and clinics.
Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry or BVSc and AH is an undergraduate degree. This course handles animal physiology, anatomy, animal health and almost anything that deals with animals. Veterinary science is one of the oldest courses in the world which is in practice for more than 1000 years. Veterinary science is one of the very important courses which basically deals with animal health and its caring. With the growth in technology in the present world, the demand for BVSc Jobs has grown 10 fold.
Veterinary science graduates now have all the required equipment and with the latest technologies, they can conduct an operation on animals when they are injured or in life troubling situations. Much like human medical care, veterinary science is competitive and demanding and is also highly regarded.
There are many exams that are conducted by different colleges and state education boards for BVSc and AH course. Some of the entrance exams are as mentioned below:
Rajasthan University of Veterinary Sciences conducts Rajasthan Pre Veterinary Test every year in the month of June for veterinary science aspirants. The minimum eligibility to write the exam is to score a minimum of 50 percent in their board exams.
Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical Entrance Examination is conducted by Government of Kerala for admissions into different colleges in the state. Veterinary science aspirants who wish to do their bachelor's degree in Kerala have to write this exam.
Karnataka education board conducts the Karnataka Common Entrance Test for students who choose to join Veterinary science colleges in Karnataka.
West Bengal education board conducts West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination. Students who are willing to join veterinary science colleges in West Bengal have to clear this exam.
The basic eligibility for this course is 10+2 with subjects Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and with a minimum of 50% in aggregate from CBSE/ICSE/State Board or equivalent. Eligibility to most veterinary colleges is on the basis of results obtained in the entrance examinations conducted by the respective universities. Veterinary Council of India conducts an All India Pre Veterinary Test (AIPVT) for admission to the first year of Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc and AH) course.
In case of candidates belonging to the SC/ST or other special categories, eligible marks are less than what is prescribed for general category. Some students who have got a degree in zoology are also eligible to join veterinary colleges as a lateral entry student.
Bachelor of Veterinary Science has many specialisations under it that deal with different topics related to veterinary science. BVSc specialisations are mentioned below:
There are many colleges dedicated only to veterinary science. Some of the top veterinary science colleges in India are mentioned below:
|Sl.No||Name of the College|
|1||Krantisinh Nana Patil College of Veterinary Science, Satara|
|2||Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur|
|3||Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana|
|4||Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut|
|5||College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner|
|6||West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata|
|7||Rajiv Gandhi College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pondicherry|
|8||Kerala Veterinary College and Research Institute, Thrissur|
|9||College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Banaskantha|
|10||College of Veterinary Science and Animal Sciences Pookot, Wayanad|
Admission to undergraduate programme leading to Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc.& A.H.) degree is done through merit list of NEET(National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) conducted by NTA-National Testing Agency for XII class Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English (attaining 50% marks in these subjects overall) stream students.
But Academic year 2019 some states conduct their own entrance exam, like Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal -Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar-Pradesh, West-Bengal, Orissa, etc.NRI-Seats/NRI-Category
Candidates for admission to BVSc & AH Course under NRI category should read the rules carefully for admission before submitting the application form.
BVSc course syllabus deals with various topics such as animal physiology, animal diseases and many more that provides the important visualization for students related to animals its health and its whole physiology. Semester-wise syllabus for BVSc and AH course is mentioned below:BVSc Syllabus
|Sl.No||Semester – I|
|2||Scope and Importance of Biochemistry|
|3||Introduction and Importance of Statistics|
|4||Veterinary Anatomy in General and Osteology|
|5||Livestock in India|
|6||Introductory Animal Husbandry|
|Sl.No||Semester – II|
|2||Demonstration of Embalming of the Carcass and Preservation|
|4||Sense Organs and Receptors Physiology of Special Senses|
|5||Enzymes: Definition and Classification|
|6||Importance of Grasslands and Fodders In-Livestock Production|
|Sl.No||Semester – III|
|2||Parasites and Parasitism|
|3||Introduction and Scope of Veterinary Pathology|
|4||Introduction and History of Microbiology|
|5||Indian Poultry Industry|
|6||Factors Affecting the Digestibility of a Feed|
|Sl.No||Semester – IV|
|1||Gross Morphological and Topographical Study of Various Organs of the Digestive System|
|2||Spermatogenic Cycle and Wave|
|3||Biochemical and Genetic Determinants of Growth|
|4||The Biting Midges|
|5||Introduction and General Description to Protozoa and their Development|
|6||Concepts in Veterinary and Medical Immunology|
|Sl.No||Semester – V|
|1||Historical Development Branches and Scope of Pharmacology|
|2||General Pathology of Viral Infections|
|3||Milk Hygiene in Relation to Public Health|
|4||Milk Industry in India|
|5||Layout and Management of Rural, Urban and Modem Abattoirs|
|6||Concept of Sociology|
|Sl.No||Semester – VI|
|1||Drugs acting on the Autonomic Nervous System|
|4||Introduction to Aquatic Animals|
|5||Definitions and Aims of Epidemiology|
|6||Retrospect and Prospect of Meat Industry in India|
|Sl.No||Semester – VII|
|2||Pre-anesthetic Considerations and Pre anesthetics|
|3||Principles of Viewing and Interpreting X-ray Films|
|4||Clinical Evaluation and Abnormalities of Reproductive Tracts in Domestic Animals|
|5||History and Scope of Veterinary Medicine|
|Sl.No||Semester – VIII|
|2||Types and Functions of Placenta in Different Species|
|3||Dystocia - Types of Dystocia|
|4||Aetiology, Clinical Manifestations|
|5||Valuation of Acid-Base Balance and Interpretation|
|6||Man-Animal and Society|
|Sl.No||Semester – IX|
|1||Definition of Animal Welfare and Ethics|
|2||Taxonomy of Various Genera of Wild/Zoo Animals of India along with their Descriptions|
|3||Breeds of Dogs- International Pedigree Breeds and those Commonly seen in India|
|4||Introduction to Andrology|
|5||Definition, Scope and Importance|
- No, BVSc and AH courses are not available from any of the distance education colleges because it deals with a lot of practical subjects and the students need to practically work on caring animals.
- Veterinarians are called veterinary doctors or animal doctors because they work on the health and well-being of animals. They are also capable of operating in case any animal is injured or diseased