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Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) is a professional degree in medicine focused on Ayurveda. Ayurveda is a branch of alternative medicine. The term ‘Ayurveda’ stands for Science of life and offered in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and other South Asian countries.
It is awarded after the study of five and a half years duration, including 1-year internship. A BAMS graduate is allowed to provide medical treatment in some states of India and Sri Lanka after registering oneself at the government-approved licensing body.
Ayurveda is considered to be pseudoscientific by the mainstream scientific community and is a type of complementary or alternative medicine. It is an integrated degree in the medical field, and is specially designed to teach students the systems of the traditional Indian system of Ayurveda.
As per Ayurveda, the human body has three kinds of dysfunctions or disorders – Kapha meaning Phlegm (water and earth), Pitta meaning Bile (fire & water) and Vata meaning Wind (Air and space).These dysfunctions or disorders are commonly called as the ‘Doshas’ in Ayurvedic terminology.
Among total seats, out of which few seats is reserved for Central Govt. nomination, few for foreign nationals sponsored by ICCR, few for South-East Asian Countries, few Seats for Girls and reservation for SC, ST, OBC and PH as per Government of India norms.
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery - B.A.M.S. (ayurvedacharya)
Aims & Objectives:
The course aims at providing basic education in Ayurveda leading to the degree of B.A.M.S. It aims at preparing graduates of profound scholarship in the science of Ayurveda having basic and fundamental knowledge in different subjects of Ayurveda backed up by extensive practical training. He should become an efficient teacher, a research scholar and a competent Ayurvedic physician (Kayachikitsaka) and surgeon (Shalyachikitsaka) to be able to contribute his mite in the medical and health services of the Country.
5½ years ( Including one year internship)
(a) Must have passed higher secondary school certificate examination after 12 years of schooling with physics, chemistry and biology subjects. Knowledge of Sanskrit is essential for the admission.
(b) Any other equivalent course recognized by the Government and State education Board.
(c) From 2018 onwards, all aspirants for BAMS need to clear the NEET examination.
Must have completed 17 years as on 31st December of year of admission to the main course.
Medium of Instruction:
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS) is a graduate degree course in Ayurvedic system. This degree is awarded after the completion of 5 years and 6 month degree programme containing the 4 and 1/2 year academic session and one year internship programme with live practical.
The UG degree course is separated in three sections of 1.5 years each. These sections called as the three professional courses. In first professional course the students are taught about the anatomy, physiology and history of Ayurvedic system. In second course they are taught about the toxicology and pharmacology and the final course contains the surgery, ENT, skin, obstetrics and gynaecology.
The entire course contains the modern anatomy, principles of medicines, physiology, social and preventive medicines, forensic medicine, principle of surgery, toxicology, ENT, botany and pharmacology. The graduates use the title “Vaidyar” before their name (abbreviation is Vr.)
Syllabus of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges
Brief description of the course
History of Ayurveda
Sanskrit and Samhita
Padartha Vigyana (Ayurvedic philosophy)
Rachna Sharira (anatomy)
Kriya Sharira (physiology)
Rasa Shastra avam Bhaisajya Kalpana (Pharmaceuticals of Ayurveda)
Dravyaguna (Materia Medica of Ayurveda)
Agadtantra, VyavaharAyurveda and Vidhi Vaidyaka (Toxicology and Jurisprudence)
Swasthavritta Yoga (Personal and social hygiene including dietetics)
Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics including herbal and herbo-mineral medicines as well as essential modern pharmacology
Diagnostics and clinical methods.
Kaya Chikitsa (General Medicine including Panchakarma, Rasayana and Vajikarana)
Shalya tantra (General surgery and parasurgical techniques)
Shalakya tantra (ENT, Eye and Dentistry)
Prasuti tantra avam Stri roga (Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
Compulsory Rotatory Internship
1 year internship in the clinical departments
Some Top Colleges for BAMS:
Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, Chennai
Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore
Career & Jobs
Day by day, the scope of Ayurvedic is overlapping to the other medical system not only in India but also in the world. In many cases the people have taken the experience for the trustfulness of the Ayurvedic system and medicines treating for the chronic and non-healable disease.
In many cases, when the allopathic system becomes a failure with a particular disease and surrenders, the Ayurvedic medicine does the magical effect to rejuvenate the illness or the patient.
The career opportunity after the completion of BAMS is not only in India but also in foreign countries. Many organizations are working in the manufacturing and research field in abroad are requiring the professional in this field.
The candidate having the BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) degree is eligible to be called as a doctor and eligible to do the private practice.
Job opportunities also exist in government sector. One can get job in government ayurveda hospital as ayurvedic pharmacist. After the completion of this course, candidates also have opportunity to open their own retail shop of Ayurveda medicines.
Teaching field is also open for BAMS graduates. They can find employment in private and government ayurveda Institutes.
BAMS Vs MBBS
BAMS may not be considered as sought-after as an MBBS course, but there are many details that make it worth pursuing. Getting into BAMS course is not that difficult when compared with MBBS. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course is relatively tough and has limited number of seat in proportion to the number of candidates that apply for admission. It is relatively easy to get in a seat in Government College to pursue BAMS course and it is cheaper than MBBS. In BAMS course, candidates are required to study modern medical sciences and modern diagnostics along with Ayurvedic Samhitas. Whereas in MBBS candidates do not wander off from the domain of advanced medicine and new technology associated with it.
After completing BAMS, candidates can go for clinical research or can take up a course of alternative medicine just like a MBBS graduate. BAMS graduate also have the option of pursuing MD and MS in Ayurveda but do not have as many option as an MBBS graduate has. After BAMS one can go for an MD or MS in Ayurveda after completing your BAMS. BAMS graduates can also pursue higher studies in many medical-related disciplines. A few options include Master’s in Public Health, Master’s in Health Administration, Post Graduate Diploma in Emergency Medicine and many other postgraduate courses.
Ayurveda is widely accepted in India as an alternative to western medicine. If you are interested in the traditional Indian system of medicine and are ready to deal with difficult languages like Sanskrit, then go for BAMS. Moreover, the course also puts less financial burden on you, since its fee is much lesser than that of MBBS.
We hope now you have a clearer picture about the BAMS course. However, if you still feel confused and can’t figure out about the right course fit for you, then feel free to speak to career experts.